Mental health disorders or mental health illnesses are referred to as mental health disabilities as they severely affect behaviors and moods. They may be chronic or occasional affect the daily activities and functioning of a person. There are often some cases and situations where the solution can be availed after implementing some useful techniques. However, some issues are of such grave tendencies that they can only be helped by consulting a mental health professional for expert intervention. Following are the common mental health disabilities reported in the United States:
- Anxiety Disorders
Affecting almost 40 million adults, anxiety disorder is the most common disorder impacting the population of America. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the disorders that befall under the extensive umbrella of anxiety disorders.
- Mood Disorders
Your cranky partner or crying baby is not eligible for a diagnosis of mood disorder. Instead, people with severe and persistent symptoms of mood disruption cause functioning impairment in day-to-day activities. The symptoms differ on the disorder, and so do the therapeutic measures. Major depression, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and substance-induced mood disorder are the most commonly occurring disorders.
- Psychotic Disorders
The individual that suffers from psychotic disorders is not able to differentiate between the reality of an event and the information based on reenactments or not-so-true facts. The sense of the reality of an individual is often changed in this mental condition. Schizophrenia, brief psychotic disorder, schizoaffective disorder, substance-induced psychotic disorder, and delusional disorder are the disorders that fall under psychotic disorders, which cause all kinds of psychological obstructions as well as financial barriers to living a healthy life.
People suffering from dementia may report a decrease in cognitive abilities resulting in the impairment of active social and independent life. It starts from memory, leading to thinking skills, and then tripping down to causing deterioration in simple carrying out of tasks. Parkinson’s disease, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, Huntington’s disease, and frontotemporal dementia are other forms in which dementia occurs.